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Tests & Products

Paternal Tests

Male - Y/CS25

Our Y/CS25 provides reliable markers for tight genealogical connections, plus guaranteed placement of your Y chromosome (Y/CS) on the 'tree' of mankind.

Men pass their Y chromosome on to all of their sons from generation to generation. Historically speaking, all men descend from a single man who lived 60-70,000 years ago in Africa. Over time, his descendents branched out into many families. We test 25 markers on your Y chromosome and determine what branch in the Y-DNA family tree of mankind you belong to using the world's largest comparative database. If your branch cannot be confidently predicted, we will perform the additional testing necessary to determine it at no additional charge.

Because ethnic groups and tribal identities are fluid in Africa, African Americans often share genetic ancestry with more than one ethnic group. This reflects our rich genetic ancestry in Africa and that, because of migration and other factors, African Americans are not limited in their genetic heritage merely to one ethnic group. Migrations, tribal conflicts, and wars made our ancestors' DNA move across borders and between tribes. Only rarely will an African American match a single ethnic group. AfricanDNA informs you of all of the ethnicities your paternal lineage matches. This list will continue to update and grow as more ethnic groups are sampled in Africa.

Our historians and scholarly advisors use this information, in combination with historical evidence concerning the slave trade, to identify the region of Africa where your lineage most likely originated and to share information with you about that region and the ethnic groups found there. For more information, please see the maps and population tables on the Historical Overview page.

We include a certificate and personalized report with each order.

Maternal Tests

Female-mtDNA

Female inheritable mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) passes from the mother to all of her children, and from her daughters to their children, and so on in an unending genetic chain. Therefore you and your mother's sister's child have identical mtDNA.

Historically speaking, all people descend from a single woman who lived over 120,000 years ago in Africa. Over time, her descendents branched out into many families. In addition to sequencing 1116 base pair region of your mtDNA, we test you for 22 positions that identify which branch of the mtDNA family tree of mankind you belong to. The combination of these results provides geographical matches when compared against our African database.

Because ethnic groups and tribal identities are fluid in Africa, African Americans often share genetic ancestry with more than one ethnic group. This reflects our rich genetic ancestry in Africa and that, because of migration and other factors, African Americans are not limited in their genetic heritage merely to one ethnic group. Migrations, tribal conflicts, and wars made our ancestors' DNA move across borders and between tribes. Only rarely will an African American match a single ethnic group. AfricanDNA informs you of all of the ethnicities your maternal lineage matches. This list will continue to update and grow as more ethnic groups are sampled in Africa.

Our historians and scholarly advisors use this information, in combination with historical evidence concerning the slave trade, to identify the region of Africa where your lineage most likely originated and to share information with you about that region and the ethnic groups found there. For more information, please see the maps and population tables on the Historical Overview page.

We include a certificate and personalized report with each order.

World Origin Tests

The typical African American has about 75% African ancestry, and 25% something else. The Population Finder tool, using the Family Finder test, can help you find out how much of what type of ancestry you have. The test provides Bio-Geographical "%" results, as you have seen Prof. Henry Louis Gates talk about during his most recent TV Show: FACES. The Population Finder provides your admixture between Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Northern Africa, Middle East, Southern Asia, and Eastern Asia, as well as Native American.

The Family Finder test also provides you with matches to relatives with whom you share a common ancestor within the past 5 generations. Since it's an autosomal test this test looks at the DNA that you received from any of your grandparents, great grandparents, and even great great grandparents. In effect, "Sex doesn’t matter any more" with the new Family Finder test.

Y/CS25+mtDNA (HVR1-2)

This combination of the Y-DNA and mtDNA tests traces the paternal and maternal ancestry of males. Results are placed in our Y-DNA and mtDNA databases and identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines. If African in origin, results are compared with the African research database and the likely region of origin within Africa is identified. If not African in origin, results identify whether the ancestry is Native American, European, or Asian. When another person shows similar or identical results, we will inform both parties of the match if both have signed the AfricanDNA Release Form. The customer receives a certificate and report for each test describing their regional origin results. Only males can test the Y chromosome. The tests trace the direct paternal line and the direct maternal line.

GPkg + Y/CS25

The Y-DNA test for paternal ancestry combined with the genealogy research starter package for African Americans. Includes 8 hours of professional genealogy research along the customer’s direct paternal lineage, and utilizes the Y-DNA test results. Note that this research is completed over a period of several weeks, and may be delayed if state or county agencies take time to supply relevant records to the genealogist. Test results are placed in our Y-DNA database and identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the paternal line. If African in origin, results are compared with the African research database and the likely region of origin within Africa is identified. If not African in origin, results identify whether the paternal ancestry is Native American, European, or Asian. When another person shows similar or identical results, we will inform both parties of the match if both have signed the AfricanDNA Release Form. The customer receives a certificate and report describing their regional origin results. Only males can test the Y chromosome. The test traces the direct paternal line without any influence from the women along the way.

GPkg + mtDNA (HVR1-2)

The mtDNA test for maternal ancestry combined with the genealogy research starter package for African Americans. Includes 8 hours of professional genealogy research along the customer’s direct maternal lineage, and utilizes the mtDNA test results. Note that this research is completed over a period of several weeks, and may be delayed if state or county agencies take time to supply relevant records to the genealogist. Test results are placed in our mtDNA database and identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal line. If African in origin, results are compared with the African research database and the likely region of origin within Africa is identified. If not African in origin, results identify whether the maternal ancestry is Native American, European, or Asian. When another person shows identical results, we will inform both parties of the match if both have signed the AfricanDNA Release Form. The customer receives a certificate and report describing their regional origin results. Both men and women can test their mtDNA. The test traces the direct maternal line without any influence from the men along the way.

GPkg + Y/CS25+mtDNA (HVR1-2)

The Y-DNA test for paternal ancestry and mtDNA test for maternal ancestry combined with the genealogy research starter package for African Americans. Includes 8 hours of professional genealogy research along the customer’s direct paternal and maternal lineages, and utilizes the Y-DNA and mtDNA test results. Note that this research is completed over a period of several weeks, and may be delayed if state or county agencies take time to supply relevant records to the genealogist. Test results are placed in our Y-DNA and mtDNA databases and identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines. If African in origin, results are compared with the African research database and the likely region of origin within Africa is identified. If not African in origin, results identify whether the ancestry is Native American, European, or Asian. When another person shows similar or identical results, we will inform both parties of the match if both have signed the AfricanDNA Release Form. The customer receives a certificate and report for each test describing their regional origin results. Only males can test the Y chromosome. The tests trace the direct paternal line and the direct maternal line.